CORNHILL SOCIAL HISTORY PROJECT
Community and social change

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History, development and population

An account of the history, development and population of Cornhill has been written by Dr. Keith Bailey and can be found on the Cornhill Village website

Bronze Age Battle Axe found in Cornhill

Extract from an article from the History of the Berwickshire Naturalists’ Club, Volume 30, 1938-1948
On 8th October 1945, Mr. J.V. Lindsay of Cornhill Farm found a bronze battle axe. It is about 3,500 years old and was found in the field beyond Campfield by the Wark-Cornhill road.

It was described by Professor Gordon Childe, Director of the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland.

“The axe, with its slight flanges along the edge, made, I think, by hammering from the sides, and thickening towards the centre, belongs to the last part of the Early Bronze Age* and the transition to the Middle. The earlier decorated axes are most common in Ireland, and were probably made there, but in the Middle Bronze Age, a distinct British style was growing up, and this specimen seems to me near the border-line. It seems moreover to be made of tinned bronze, or a bronze very rich in tin, whereas the corresponding Irish axes are generally made of unalloyed copper. In this respect it resembles a few other axes in the Museum . . . . . These features give the axe a high scientific interest. It is in fact a specimen of such importance that it certainly ought to be included in the National Museum where it would be readily available for study and reference by experts, as well as for the admiration by the intelligent public.”

*Early Bronze Age   2500 - 1500 BC
Middle Bronze Age  1500 - 1000 BC

The axe was subsequently presented by Mr Lindsay to the National Museum.

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1888-2006 Coldstream Cottage Hospital



Staff at Coldstream Cottage Hospital with staff at the Red Cross, 1967


Former Coldstream Cottage Hospital, 2009, now NHS Borders Dental Centre
Copyright Walter Baxter, licensed for reuse under Creative Commons Licence

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1893 Adult education

Adult education, or Life-long learning is nothing new.
Printed in the Berwick Advertiser, on 23rd December 1993 under the heading 100 years ago
“In 1893, through the Reverend. W.L. Holland, rector of Cornhill, who has ever the interest of the people of the parish at heart, an Evening Continuation School has been commenced at Cornhill School. Thirty young men have already availed themselves of the opportunities given to continue their education and equip themselves better for the battle of life.”

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1909 CMS (Church Missionary Society) Sowers’ Band


Mary Holland was the wife of the Rector, Canon Holland

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1945 Plane crash

On 20th July 1945, an RAF Hawker Typhoon Mk 1b aircraft crash landed in the field between Cornhill House and the A698 between Cornhill and Coldstream. The pilot was 24 year-old Flight Sergeant Frank Ronald Jeyes from RAF Millfield. He crashed because his engine failed while low flying; he was attempting a forced landing at Cornhill Farm. He is buried at Stonefield Cemetery in Harrogate.
Frank was the son of Arthur Frederick and Ellice Jeyes and husband of Florence Mary Jeyes of Shifnal, Shropshire.


Installation of the memorial board, Saturday 20th July, 2013
From the left - Tom Turnbull, Nancy Clark, Alan Rodgerson, Kathleen Newton,
Isobel Robison, Edna Jeffrey, Jude Newton

     
Memorial board in the field where the plane crashed


Gravestone to F.R. Jeyes in
Stonefall Cemetery, Harrogate

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